PAVEMENTS, MATERIALS & GEOTECHNOLOGY & INFRASTRUCTURE ASSESSMENT
The foundation of any soundly implemented highway project is quality materials, superb engineering, and a forward-looking maintenance strategy. Without these, even new roads can quickly fall into a state of disrepair, causing transportation agencies to shoulder immense costs to preserve their operations. KTC’s Pavements, Materials, Geotechnology, and Infrastructure Assessment group oversees a sweeping research program dedicated to improving the durability, resiliency, and service lives of roadways, highways, and bridges. Researchers work on numerous projects focused on pavement preservation, adding additives to asphalt mixes, and infrastructure assessment. The group has been at the forefront of the movement to leverage new and emerging non-destructive technologies such as LiDAR, Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR), and drone inspection. On behalf of the Kentucky Transportation Cabinet, the group has undertaken many projects that used GPR to inspect bridge decks, pavement condition, and tunnels, and they investigate how LiDAR can facilitate highway resurfacing projects and determine bridge clearance heights along busy roadways. The group has taken on numerous projects focused on selecting more appropriate pavement rehabilitation concepts through the use of a pavements forensic analysis process, collecting and utilizing more informative pavement placement temperature data during construction, and studying modifications to asphalt materials to increase pavement service life and reduce long-term maintenance costs.
KTC researchers gather forensic analysis data on pavements, bridges and other structures with mobile test equipment. Non-destructive techniques used for forensic analysis of pavement can help design engineers make informed decisions about how to design or rehabilitate pavement structures. Compared to conventional techniques, these non-destructive methods require less time to find the solution to the problem and often prove to be more cost-efficient. Because much of the test equipment is vehicle-mounted, gathering data does not disrupt traffic and information is collected in a safer environment.
Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR): topographically maps pavement surfaces and analyzes water flow, measures bridge and overpass heights, inventories current conditions and detects changes in bridge decks and tunnel structures.
Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR): maps the subterranean cross-section of pavement, measures the pavement layer thickness, and identifies voids and possible areas with low sub-grade strength.
Falling Weight Deflectometer (FWD): collects pavement stiffness/modulus in multiple areas along a length of pavement.
Video and Drone Inspection: diagnoses issues in pipelines, bridges, or other locations where it is unsafe for workers to inspect.
AI/Machine learning: scans stock photos of roadway networks and learns to recognize and pinpoint features such as guardrail and other highway assets.
To offer clients real-time project results, researchers developed a secure ArcGIS project tracking database that geolocates projects, overpasses and bridges, active landslides, and other historical geologic information. When the user clicks on points on the map, a project information file opens, allowing engineering results to be delivered to the project team quickly and in the field, if needed. Click on the map to the left for a demonstration of the database functionality.
To offer clients real-time project results, researchers developed a secure ArcGIS project tracking database that geolocates projects, overpasses and bridges, active landslides, and other historical geologic information. When the user clicks on points on the map, a project information file opens, allowing engineering results to be delivered to the project team quickly and in the field, if needed.
Click on the map to the left for a demonstration of the database functionality.
Research in Progress
- Evaluation of Infrared Technology (Pave IR) and GPR for Uniformity Measurements During Asphalt Placement
- Forensic Analysis of Pavements Prior to Rehabilitation Decisions
- Best Practices for Lidar Data Collection and Processing
Pavements, Materials, Geotechnology & Infrastructure Assessment Faculty & Staff
Senior Research Engineer